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A Network of Public Libraries in Tamil NaduThursday May 25, 2017 GMT
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Tamil Nadu Public Library System

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Tamil Nadu is an Important state in the South of India with its capital at Chennai (formerly known as Madras) and the official language is Tamil. Literally 'Tamil Nadu' means Land of Tamils or Country of Tamils. The state is one of the 29 states of India and touches the southern most tip of the Indian Peninsula, sharing it borders with South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. It shares its maritime international border with the neighbouring country Sri Lanka. Tamil Nadu is the eleventh largest state in India according to area and is at number six population-wise. Its one of the most prosperous states of India with second largest state economy and it ranked sixth among Indian states in Human Development Index 2011.

Tamil Nadu Public Library System is very vide with more than 4000 public libaries spread all overy the state. This accounts for being one of the most educated states in the country. The state has one of the earliest libraries established in the country. The Connemara Public Library, State Central Library of Tamil Nadu was established in 1890, which is also National Depository Centre along with National Library at Kolkata under the Delivery of Books and Newspapers Act, 1954. Apart from the Connemara State Library the state has thre other famous libraries, i.e. Thanjavur Maharaja Serfoji Sarasvati Mahal Library, Thanjavur; Dr.U.V. Swaminatha Iyer Library, Chennai and Maraimalai Adigal Library, Chennai.

Tamil Nadu is the first state in India to pass the Public Libraries Act called 'Tamil Nadu Public Libraries Act, 1948' with the aim of providing best reading, to the greatest numbers at the least cost. Accordingly an separate department called Directorate of Public Libraries was formed in 1972 under the Tamil Nadu Ministry of Education, School Education Department. The Directorate is running 4042 libraries in the state as listed below.

Category-wise number of libraries in Tamil Nadu
Sr. No.Types of LibrariesNumber of Libraries
1.State Central Library1
2.Anna Centenary Library1
3.District Central Libraries32
4.Branch Libraries1664
5.Mobile Libraries10
6.Village Libraries1795
7.Part-Time Libraries539
Total4042


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